Theory of Karma - Chapter 12


There are three types of persons in this world:

(1) SATVIK (of pious mentality and motives)

(2) RAJSIK (of selfish mentality and motives)

(3) TAMSIK (of crooked or slovenly mentality
and motives)

Prarabdha (Destiny, luck, fate, fortune) is unavoidable and irrevocable in the case of all these three types of persons. But the method of facing, accepting, suffering or enjoying the Prarabdha is different with different kinds of people.

For example. Mr. A did one sinful action (Pap) as a result of which it is destined in his Prarabdha that he shall have to starve and go without meals for one day.

(1 ) Now, if he is a SATVIK man (of pious mentality and motives), he will voluntarily observe a holy fast on a religious day-say, EKADASHI - chant the name of God,
and keep his mind engaged in pious thoughts and prayers for the whole day. In this way he will willingly accept his Prarabdha of going without meals for one day and thereby he will neutralise his previous sin. Not only that but while thus mitigating and exhausting his Prarabdha he will also earn the fruits of new pious actions of voluntarily observing fast and chanting the name of God on a religious day. Such pious deeds will again ripen as a new good Prarabdha for him to enjoy subsequently.

(2) But supposing he is a RAJSIK man (of pragmatic but selfish mentality or motives), one day for some very urgent and important work, he was compelled by his boss
to labour for the whole day in his factory and the poor fellow could not find any time even to take his lunch and dinner and had to go without meals and starve on that
day. Thus he had to face, accept, mitigate and exhaust the Prarabdha of his previous sinful action.

(3) And, supposing he is a TAMSIK man (of crooked temperament or mentality and motives), one day he quarrelled with his wife merely for the sake of satisfying his crooked motives. Overcome by his furious anger he rashly skipped his meals during the whole day and in this way he suffered the Prarabdha of his previous sinful actions. In the process, he also earned and accumulated one new sinful action (Pap)
which would again ripen as a new bad luck (Prarabdha) in due course of time, thus bringing more suffering in future.

Thus a Satvik man faces his bad luck (Prarabdha) with pious mentality, the Rajasik man faces it with selfish mentality, while the Tamsik man suffers due to crooked mentality. But in all these cases, Prarabdha is inevitable and unavoidable because man is primarily responsible for his own actions.

Taking another converse example of Mr. B, supposing he did one pious deed (Punya Karma) as a result of which it is destined that he will get 100 dollars some day when
that action is matured and ripened as Prarabdha.

(1) Mr. B is a Custom Officer at an international airport. One day while checking the baggage of a smuggler, he found items of questionable legality. But when the smuggler gave him a bribe of 100 dollars, he allowed the baggage to go without checking. Thus he enjoyed the Prarabdha of his previous pious action by getting 100 dollars. But being a Tamsik man, he earned it by crooked means and thereby he created a new sinful action (Pap) which would again mature and ripen as a new bad luck (Prarabdha) which he will have to face in future-say by giving 200 dollars to
a doctor for the treatment of his leg injured in an accident.

(2) However, if he is not a Tamsik man but a Rajsik man, he would refuse to accept the bribery of 100 dollars and take legal action against the smuggler. In that case
his Prarabdha of getting 100 dollars is postponed for some later time, but it will not be lost. This Prarabdha will not rest till he has anyhow reaped the benefit of 100 dollars.

One day, he unexpectedly purchased a T.V. Set on payment of only 400 dollars even though its reasonable market price was 500 dollars, as the dealer charged him 100 dollars less only because he happened to be a customs officer. Thus he got the benefit of 100 dollars due to his previous good deed (Prarabdha).

(3) However, if he is a man of Satwik temperament, he would refuse to take indirect advantage of his post by paying 100 dollars less. In that case, his Prarabdha of
getting the benefit of 100 dollars would be postponed for a while, but again it will not rest until he actually gets 100 dollars in his pocket by some other means.

A few days later, one passenger in a great hurry forgot on his table a purse containing 1000 dollars. From the identity card found in the purse, he immediately ran down to the house of the passenger and gave him his purse. The passenger was delighted and raptured with joy. Being overwhelmed with gratitude he most humbly, gratefully and with great satisfaction gave him a reward of 100 dollars for his nobility. Thus while enjoying his Prarabdha of getting 100 dollars, he also earned one new pious action (Punya Karma) which would in turn ripen as a new Prarabdha bringing him further joy and happiness.

Thus the Satvik man enjoys his good luck with pious mentality by satisfying others, the Rajsik man with selfish mentality gets his good luck in bargaining with others and
the Tamasik man by torturing others. In any case destiny (Prarabdha) does not rest until the person has suffered or enjoyed and exhausted it.